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Over 13 years of follow up evaluation of autologous chondrocyte implantation for symptomatic cartilage lesions of the knee: a prospective study
Author(s):
Uboldi F. (Italy)
,
Uboldi F. (Italy)
Affiliations:
Tradati D.
,
Tradati D.
Affiliations:
Ferrua P.
,
Ferrua P.
Affiliations:
Pasqualotto S.
,
Pasqualotto S.
Affiliations:
Maione A.
,
Maione A.
Affiliations:
Usellini Eva
,
Usellini Eva
Affiliations:
Berruto M.
Berruto M.
Affiliations:
ESSKA Academy. Uboldi F. May 9, 2018; 209348; P03-914 Topic: Open Surgery
Dr. Francesco Uboldi
Dr. Francesco Uboldi
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Abstract
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Objectives: Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI) has been the first technique in reconstruction of a valid articular surface. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical results of this technique at an average follow up of 162 ±27 months (range 88-208) in a group of patients who underwent ACI.

Methods: 32 patients were operated between 1997 and 2007 for chondral lesions or osteochondritis dissecans of the knee. Mean size of the defect was 5.48 cm2 ± 1.53 (range 2-9). Nine patients were treated with I generation technique and 23 with II generation. All patients were evaluated with Subjective IKDC and Tegner Activity Scales for clinical outcomes and with EQ-VAS for a quantitative measure of health after intervention, starting from pre-operative period and at regular follow up (minimum 88 months-maximum 208 months).

Results: A significant increment of all scores was noticed comparing preoperative and postoperative results. In particular medium IKDC score increased from 40.3 ± 9.6 in preoperative evaluation to 74.2 ± 11.6 at one year (p < 0.00001) and to 83.9 ± 10.4 at 5 years follow up (p < 0.001). Mean IKDC values at the last follow up were 80.3 ± 14.2, showing no statistical differences with those obtained at five-year follow up. Tegner Activity Scale values increased from 2.8 ± 1.1 preoperatively to 4.1 ± 1.1 (p < 0.0001) after one year and to 6 ± 1.1 at five years (p < 0.0001). Mean Tegner Activity Scale values decreased to 4.8 ± 1.4 at the last follow-up. EQ-VAS evaluation showed superposable results comparing the 5 years evaluation with the ones at a medium follow up of 162 ± 27 months.

Conclusions: The most important finding is the reliability at long-term of ACI technique, which in our series gave excellent clinical results. No statistical differences were observed between first- and second-generation. Clinical outcomes were significantly better for defects in the femoral condyles, influenced by age (worse results over 30 years old). ACI represents a valid technique for chondral and osteochondral lesions of the knee in a population heterogeneous for age, sex and activity level with good results even at a long term follow up.

Keywords:
Cartilage, repair, autologous
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