External rotation of the femoral component increases asymmetry of the posterior condyles
ESSKA Academy. Bonnin M. May 12, 2018; 218105; FP41-1987
Michel Bonnin
Michel Bonnin
Login now to access Regular content available to all registered users.

You can access free non-premium educational content on the ESSKA Academy Portal by registering for free as 'ESSKA Academy User' here
Discussion Forum (0)
Rate & Comment (0)
Objectives: The morphometry of the distal femur was largely studied to improve bone-implant fit in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but little is known about the asymmetry of the posterior condyles. This study aimed to investigate the dimensions of the posterior condyles and the influence of externally rotating the femoral component on potential prosthetic overhang or under-coverage.

Methods: We analysed the shape of 110 arthritic knees at the time of primary TKA using pre-operative CT scans. The height and width of each condyle were measured at the posterior femoral cut in neutral position, and in 3o and 5o of external rotation, using both central and medial referencing systems. We compared the morphological characteristics with those of 14 TKA models.

Results: In the neutral position, the dimensions of the condyles were nearly equal. Externally rotating the femoral cut by 3o and 5o with 'central referencing' induced width asymmetry > 3 mm in 23 (21%) and 33 (30%) knees respectively, while with 'medial referencing' it induced width asymmetry > 3 mm in 43 (39%) and 75 (68%) knees respectively. The asymmetries induced by rotations were not associated with gender, aetiology or varus- valgus alignment.

Conclusions: External rotation may amplify the asymmetry between the medial and lateral condyles, and exacerbate prosthetic overhang, particularly in the superolateral zone. 'Central referencing' guides result in less potential prosthetic overhang than 'medial referencing' guides.

total knee arthroplasty; external rotation; posterior condyles; impingement
Code of conduct/disclaimer available in General Terms & Conditions
Anonymous User Privacy Preferences

Strictly Necessary Cookies (Always Active)

MULTILEARNING platforms and tools hereinafter referred as “MLG SOFTWARE” are provided to you as pure educational platforms/services requiring cookies to operate. In the case of the MLG SOFTWARE, cookies are essential for the Platform to function properly for the provision of education. If these cookies are disabled, a large subset of the functionality provided by the Platform will either be unavailable or cease to work as expected. The MLG SOFTWARE do not capture non-essential activities such as menu items and listings you click on or pages viewed.

Performance Cookies

Performance cookies are used to analyse how visitors use a website in order to provide a better user experience.

Google Analytics is used for user behavior tracking/reporting. Google Analytics works in parallel and independently from MLG’s features. Google Analytics relies on cookies and these cookies can be used by Google to track users across different platforms/services.

Save Settings